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Fatal Rollovers of 15-Passenger Vans

15-passenger van rollover.

Map showing locations of fatal 15-passenger van rollovers.
Map showing locations of fatal, 15-passenger van rollovers.

From 1982 through 2009, there have been 740 fatal rollovers of 15-passenger vans in which an occupant of the van was killed in the United States. These crashes killed 1,183 persons and incapacitatingly injured an additional 1,990. More than six thousand persons have been involved in fatal rollovers as drivers or passengers in the vans, of whom only 309 were known to be uninjured in these crashes. Because the victims were relatively young, 39,843 premature years of life (before age 70) have been lost in rollovers of 15-passenger vans since 1982. Fatal, 15-passenger van rollovers have also occurred in Mexico and Canada.

Approximately 15% of fatal rollovers of 15-passenger vans reportedly involved a tire failure.

These statistics are computed from the 1982-2009 Fatality Analysis Reporting System database maintained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The fatal, rollover crashes involved model year 1981-2008 vans manufactured by Ford, Dodge / DaimlerChrysler, and General Motors / Chevrolet.

NHTSA issued its first Consumer Advisory related to 15-passenger van rollovers on April 9, 2001. The agency has repeated its warnings to the public on April 15, 2002, June 1, 2004, May 26, 2005, May 12, 2008, and May 20, 2009. Despite these many advisories, the vans have continued to roll over in fatal crashes. Following two well-publicized fatal crashes in 2010 that killed an additional 10 persons, NHTSA issued a seventh Consumer Advisory on October 14, 2010.

41% of all of the 15-passenger van rollover fatalities since 1982 (484 of 1,183) occurred after the first Consumer Advisory was issued by NHTSA in 2001.

Cumulative Deaths in Rollovers of 15-Passenger Vans by Date.

The vehicles in our study principally included the Chevrolet Truck Express Van 3500 Extended, Chevrolet Truck Sportvan 1 Ton Extended, Dodge Truck B350/B3500 Van (Bus), Ford Truck E350 Econoline Super Club Wagon, GMC Truck Rally Van 1 Ton Extended, and GMC Truck Savana Van 3500 Extended. These vehicles were identified in a manner consistent with previous studies by NHTSA. Production of the Dodge 15-passenger van ceased with the 2002 model year.

"Fatal Rollovers in 15-Passenger Vans, 1982-2009" is available for downloading as a report in PDF format (524K).

If you have questions about our research, please to send us an email.

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